JAGESHWAR | JAGESHWAR DHAM | JAGESHWAR TEMPLE UTTARAKHAND
Jageshwar is located at an altitude of 1870 meters. Jageshwar is the 8th Jyotirling among the Twelve and has great religious value.
Jageshwar Shiv temple is one of the oldest shiva temple in India.
Jageshwar is a Hindu pilgrimage town in Almora District, dedicated to Lord Shiva, located 36km northeast of Almora and around 101 Kms away from Nainital in Kumaon Region of Uttarakhand Uttranchal.
TEMPLES IN JAGESHWAR | TEMPLES INSIDE JAGESHWAR DHAM |
The temple city of Jageshwar comprises a cluster of 124 large and small stone temples, dating 9th to 13th century AD, with many preserved by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), which include Dandeshwar Temple, Chandi-ka-Temple, Jageshwar Temple,Kuber Temple, Mritunjaya Temple, Nanda Devi or Nau Durga, Nava-grah Temple, a Pyramidal shrine, and Surya Temple amongst which the oldest shrine is the 'Mrityunjaya Temple' and the biggest shrine is the 'Dandeshwar Temple'. Once the centre of Lakulish Shaivism, in the Jataganga river valley near a Deodar forest (Cedrus deodara) starting from Artola village on Almora–Pithoragarh highway, where two streams Nandini and Surabhi flow down the hills in the narrow valley and meet near the sacred spot.
The townfolk believe that Jageshwar is the place of Nagesh among the forest of Deodar, 8th among the Dwadasa Jyotirlingas: the twelve resplendent lingas of Lord Shiva established by Lord Vishnu.
The ' Jageshwar Monsoon Festival ', held between 15 July to 15 August takes place at Jageshwar during the Hindu calendar month of Shravan, and the annual 'Maha Shivratri Mela' (Shivratri festival), which takes place during spring has an important place in the calendar of the entire Kumaon region.
History of Jageshwar
The ancient treatise Prasadmandanam describe Jageshwar as an Abode of Lord Shiva.
There is no definite dating of the construction of Jageshwar group of temples but according to the ASI, they belong to the post-Gupta and pre-medieval eras and are estimated to be about2500 years old and one of the oldest temple in India. These temples range in the period from the 8th century (early Katyuri Dynasty to the 18th century (Chand Dynasty). The temples were renovated during the reign of Katyuri King Shalivahandev. There is an inscription of Malla Kings on the main temple premises indicating their devotion to Jageshwar. The Katyuri Kings also donated villages to the temple priests for it’s maintenance. The Chand Kings of Kumaon were also patrons of the Jageshwar temple.
Jageshwar Dham in the year 1890
It is believed that Adi Shankaracharya visited Jageshwar and renovated and re-established many temples before leaving for Kedarnath. The Samsan ghat of Jageshwar is also the cremation ground of the erstwhile Chand Kings. It is possible that sati, the act of self-immolation, may have been performed here. The temples architecture belong to the Nagara style, characterized by a tall curved spire surmounted by an amalaka (capstone) and a kalasha crown. Most of the temples enshrine a stone lingam, surrounded by stone scultptures of various deities. The pilgrimage to Jageshwar was considered as sacred as the famous chardham yatra.
Before the construction of roads, pilgrims passed through Jageshwar en route to Kailash and Mansarovar. Due to the restrictions on pilgrimage to Kailash Mansarovar in the past, pilgrims were diverted towards Kedarnath; however, this center has re-attained its past glory.
Inscriptions in Jageshwar Dham
Over 25 inscriptions of different periods are inscribed on the walls and pillars of the Jageshwar temples. Most of these belong to the period between the 7th century AD to 10th century AD. The dialect of inscriptions is Sanskrit and Brahmi. These are studied by D.C. Sarkar in Epigraphica indica.
Legend of Jageshwar
The main temple in the temple complex at 'Jageshwar Mahadev' is dedicated to ‘Bal Jageshwar’, or the Child Shiva. There is also a temple dedicated to Vridh Jageshwar, or Old Shiva, situated on the higher slopes. According to tradition, Lord Shiva came to meditate here, and when the women of the village came to know of this, they immediately left their household chores to have his darshan. When the men of the village heard of this, they were infuriated and came to see who is this sadhu who has captivated their woman. Seeing the commotion, Shiva took the form of a child, which is why he is still worshipped in his child form here
Places To See Visit Sightseeing Jageshwar
TEMPLES IN JAGESHWAR
Tarun Jageshwar is one of the principal temples situated in the temple premises. The temple has two dwarapalas (door guardians) in the form of the armed Nandi and Skandi. This is a west facing temple of Lord Shiva. Here, Shiva is worshipped in the form of Nagesh/Jageshwar. In the sanctum sanctorum of the temple, the Shivlinga is divided into two parts. The larger one depicts Shiva and smaller one his consort Parvati. An Akhand Jyoti, (an immortal flame) burns in the temple. There are two Asthadhatu statues of Chand Kings Deepchand and Tripalchand in the standing posture behind the Shivlinga.
Sri Maha Mritunjaya Mahadev
The Maha Mrityunjay temple is the largest and oldest temple in the Jageshwar temple complex. This temple of Shiva is eastern facing and the Linga is worshipped as the saviour from death. The unique linga has an eye shaped opening. Pilgrims believe that reciting the Maha mritunjaya Mantra is a fruitful, auspicious and powerful method of self realisation, removal of evil effects, and freedom from all kinds of fears, illness and negativity. The Maha mritunjaya Mantra is attested in the Sukla Yajurveda Samhita.
Dandeshwar Shiv Temple Complex
Situated slightly upstream from the Jageshwar temple complex, the Dandeshwar temple complex is in a dilapidated condition. The stone lingam is a natural rock, and, unlike the lingams of the Jageshwar complex, is not carved.
This place is 200 mts from Artola village from where temples of Jageshwar starts. It is called Mokshyadham temple. From this place Vinayak Kshetra or sacred area begins. This place lies between Jhanker Saim temple, Vrudhh jageshwar and Koteshwar temples.
Jhanker Saim Mahadev
This temple is situated south of Jageshwar. Legend has it that during the Tapasya by Lord Shiva, Demons obstruct His penance. Then God Jhanker Saim come into being as Trinetra and send His Ganas to kill the demons.
Sri Briddha or Bud Jageshwar
This temple is situated three km north to Jageshwar.This temple is situated at the top of the hill and comes after a uphill trek. It is contemporary to Jageshwar group of temples. Pushti Devi or Pushti Bhagawati Maa It is the temple of Goddess Devi. The temple enshrines the full murti of Goddesses. This temple is situated in the Jageshwar main premises.
|Road Distances to Jageshwar - Delhi Jageshwar Kathgodam Haldwani Ranikhet Almora Nainital Pithoragarh to Jageshwar|
Jageshwar Distance Chart
Delhi to Jageshwar – 405 kms
Almora to Jageshwar – 35 kms
Pithoragarh to Jageshwar (via Binta) – 88 kms
Haldwani to Jageshwar – 130 kms
Kathgodam to Jageshwar – 125 kms
Nainital to Jageshwar – 101 kms
Nainital to Kausani – 120 kms
Route Map To Jageshwar
| Delhi to Jageshwar | Delhi to Jageshwar Map | Delhi to Jageshwar by Bus | Delhi to Jageshwar Bus Service | Delhi to Jageshwar by Train | Delhi to Jageshwar Route | Jageshwar Sightseeing |
How to Reach Jageshwar by Air :-
The nearest airport at Pantnagar 140 Kms. The closest operational airport to Jageshwar is Naini Saini in Pithoragarh, which is approximately 90 kms away. The closest International/National airport is New Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport - Palam Airport (405 kms from Jageshwar)
How to Reach Jageshwar by Rail :-
Take your train from Old Delhi railway station or from Nizamuddin. Nearest Railway Stationis at Kathgodam. Kathgodam Railway Station is about 125 km away from Jageshwar. The distance from the railway station to Jageshwar can be covered in nearly 2 - 3 hours.
STATION NAME (FROM-TO)
|TRAINS NAME AND CLASS|
|DELHI - KATHGODAM||
1A, 2A, SL,II
|AGRA FORT - LAL KUAN||
2A, SL, II
|LUCKNOW - LAL KUAN||
2A, SL, II
|HOWRAH - KATHGODAM||
2A, SL, II
SHATABDI EXPRESS:- Runs between New Delhi-Kathgodam-New Delhi twice a week (Friday & Sunday) during summer vacations.
Kindly Note :- Though time varies to reach Jageshwar as it depends on the traffic, time of the journey (morning daytime or evening) and the mode of Transportation.
How to Reach Jageshwar by Bus :-
Jageshwar is well connected by state owned bus services. Bus services connect Jageshwar to other hill stations like Almora, Ranikhet, Nainital and Pithoragarh. Many overnight buses owned by private companies ply between New Delhi and Jageshwar. Take the correct bus from I.S.B.T. it is a 14 hour journey which connects the route including other hill resorts - Almora, Pittoragarh and Nanital. Kindly Note : Private Bus service mostly operate during the season period.
Weather of Jageshwar - Climate of Jageshwar
The climate of Kausani is salubrious and even offers hygienic environment. The climate of Kausani is extremely pleasant, thus accounting for the increasing number of tourists to the place. Jageshwar experiences cool summers and very chilly winters. Snowfall occurs during the months of December and January.
Accommodation - Hotels - Resorts in Jageshwar
The small town of Jageshwar offers very little accommodation options ranging from deluxe hotels, standard hotels and budget hotels catering to requirements of the travelers visiting this beautiful holy shrine. Other options like the Tourist Rest houses are also available at Jageshwar.
Nainital Tourism offers Transport & Online Booking Luxury - Deluxe and Budget from 10 + various Hotels & Resorts in Jageshwar.
Jageshwar Temple Uttarakhand Uttaranchal Photo Gallery
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