SATTAL :- Literally Meaning Seven Lakes All The Group Of Small Lakes Nested Together, About 23 Kms From Nainital At An Altitude Of (1370 MT) Still Untouched By Modernisation - One Can See The Natures Beauty At Its Best.
Seven Lakes Of Sattal :-
* Panna Tal Or Garud Tal
* Nal-Damyanti Tal
* Purna Tal
* Sita Tal
* Ram Tal
* Laxman Tal
* Sukha Tal Or Khurdariya Tal
Sattal Is Comparable With Westmoreland Of England
Sattal Is An Interconnected Group Of Seven Freshwater Lakes Situated In The Lower Himalayan Range Near Bhimtal, A Town Of The Nainital Lake District In Uttarakhand, India. During The British Raj, The Area Had A Tea Plantation, One Of Four In The Kumaon Area At That Time. The Lakes Sit At An Altitude Of 1370 Metres, Below Lush Orchards In The Mehragaon Valley. Set Amongst Dense Forests Of Oak And Pine Trees, Sattal Is One Of The Few Unspoiled And Unpolluted Freshwater Biomes In India. These Lakes Are A Paradise For Migratory Birds. It Is Home To A Few Camps Being Operated Mostly By Local People Catering To Tourists Looking For Outdoor Vacations.
History Of Sattal
Religious Beliefs Pertaining To The Sattal Lakes Go Back To The Times Of The Mahabharata. The Nal Damayantital Is Named After King Nal. King Nal, One Of The Most Famous Kings Of Hindu Mythology, Was Sentenced To A Fourteen Year Exile By His Brother, Pushkar. Penniless And Ostracised, He And His Wife Damayanti Sought Refuge In Sattal, Among Other Places.
Saat Tal Lake, 1895
View Of Sattal Lake, Sath Tal Is A Conglomeration Of Seven Lakes In The Kumaon Hills In The Nainital District, An Area Which Came Under British Rule After The Anglo-Nepal War (1814-16). This Is A View Looking Down On A Lake At Sat Tal (Seven Lakes) Surrounded By Thick Forested Hills.
Photograph Of Sath Tal From The Macnabb Collection (Col James Henry Erskine Reid): Album Of Views Of 'Naini Tal' Taken By Lawrie & Co In 1895.
Biological Diversity of Sattal
Sattal Is Unique For Its Biodiversity And Ecological Amplitude. It Has 500 Species Of Resident And Migratory Birds, 20 Species Of Mammals, Over 525 Species Of Butterflies And Over 11,000 Species Of Moths, Beetles, Bugs And Other Insects. The Flora Covers A Wide And Diverse Range Of Plants Ranging From Bryophytes, Orchids, Rare Climbing Plants, Ferns, Lichens, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs And Shrubs. Each Individual Lake Has Its Own Unique Diatom Index. The Trophic Diatom Index Uses The Composition Of Freshwater Diatom Assemblages To Assess Water Quality And Ecological Status.
Birds Of Sattal
The Unique Avian Fauna Of Sattal Includes Red-billed Blue Magpie, Kingfishers, Blue-throated And Brown-headed Barbets, Lineated Barbet, Golden-throated Barbet, Crimson-fronted Barbet, Coppersmith Barbet Plum-headed Parakeet, Slaty-headed Parakeet, Chestnut Bellied Rock Thrush, Titmouse, Babblers, Jungle Owlet, Fish Eagle, Pied Woodpecker, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker, Brown-fronted Woodpecker, Stripe-breasted Woodpecker, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, Rufous-bellied Woodpecker, Crimson-breasted Woodpecker, Himalayan Woodpecker, Lesser Yellownape Woodpecker, Greater Yellow-naped Woodpecker, Streak-throated Woodpecker, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Scaly-bellied Woodpecker, Common Flameback Woodpecker, Indian Tree Pies, Blue Whistling-thrush, Lammergeier, Himalayan Griffon, Crested Serpent Eagle, Flycatchers, Cheer Pheasants, Kalij Pheasant, Koklas Pheasants, Dollarbird, Leaf Birds, Flowerpecker, Purple Sunbird, Brown Headed Stork-billed Kingfisher, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Crested Kingfisher, White-throated Kingfisher, Pied Kingfisher, Common Kingfisher, Blue-eared Kingfisher, Himalayan Kingfisher, Mrs. Gould’s Sunbird, Green-tailed Sunbird, Black-throated Sunbird, Black-breasted Sunbird, Crimson Sunbird, Fire-tailed Sunbird, Thick-billed Flowerpecker, Plain-leaf Flowerpecker, Fire-breasted Flowerpecker, Russet Sparrow, Rufous Babbler, Black-headed Jay, Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler, Black-capped Sibia, Blue Whistling Thrush, Finches, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Black Eagle, Eurasian Jay, White-rumped Needletail, Black-headed Jay, Black-lored, Black-throated Tits, Black Bulbul, Ashy-throated Warblers, Black-chinned Babbler, Rufous-breasted Accentor, Red-billed Blue Magpie, Grey-winged Blackbird, Eurasian Griffon, Common Buzzard, Black-chinned Babbler, Pink-browed Rosefinch, Common Wood Pigeon, Slaty-headed Parakeet, Laughingthrush, Chestnut-tailed Minla, Lemon-rumped Warblers, And Many More.
Photograph Of A Tea Plantation At Sath Tal From The Macnabb Collection (Col James Henry Erskine Reid): Album Of Views Of 'Naini Tal' Taken By Lawrie & Co In 1895. Sath Tal (Seven Lakes) Is In The Kumaon Hills In The Naini Tal District. During The Colonial Period, The British Found Tea Imported From China Was Too Expensive To Satisfy The Large Demand So They Began Tea Plantations In India, Halving The Cost. The Hill-stations Had An Ideal Climate For Tea-growing And The Most Famous Areas Were Assam And Darjeeling. Experiments To Develop These Particular Varieties Of Tea Were Carried Out At The Botanical Gardens In Calcutta. In The Kumaon Area There Were Four Plantations Producing Good Quality Tea.
Fish In Sattal
Sattal Has Many Different Varieties Of Fish. Mahseers (Tor Tor And Tor Putitora) Are Found Here In Large Numbers. Labeo Rohita, Cirrhinus Mrigala, Schizothorax Richardsonii And Catla Catla Are Some Of The Other Fish Found In The Lakes.
Butterflies In Sattal
Some Of The Butterflies Found At Sattal Includes Indian Fritillary (Argynnis Hyperbius), Peacock Panzy, Blue Peacock, Paris Peacock, Red-base Jazebel, Red Lacewing, Yellow Pansy, Tawny Rajah, Red Helen, Large Silverstripe And Thousands Of Others.
Butterfly Museum in Sattal
There Is A Rich Butterfly Museum Built By Frederic Smetacek At Jones Estate, Which Has Over 2,500 Butterfly And Moth Specimens And 1,100 Species Of Insects That Are Found In This Region.The Museum Was Established By Federic Smetacek, Better Known As ‘the Butterfly Man’.
Sattal Mission Estate And Methodist Ashram
The Sattal Christian Ashram Was Established By E. Stanley Jones (1884-1973), The Evangelist And Missionary. This Christian Ashram Is Situated On The Banks Of Sattal Lakes, On A Former Tea Estate. St. John's Church Is Part Of This Ashram And Showcases A Mixed Colonial Architecture. There Is Also A Sattal Christian Ashram Chapel Situated Nearby. It Was Established In 1930 To Introduce Christianity Into The Kumaun Region Of Uttarakhand. Revered Stanley Jones Was A Friend Of Mahatma Gandhi And Martin Luther King. Earl Denman, Who Attempted Mount Everest Alone And Secretly With Tenzing Norgay In 1947, Stayed In This Ashram For Many Years.
There Is A Spectacular And Gorgeous Natural Spring Of Fresh Water Arising Out Of Dense Oak Forest West Of Sattal.
This Is A Natural Spring That Mesmerises People With Its Crystal Clarity And Beautiful Location.
Things To Do In Sattal
An Interconnected Group Of Seven Freshwater Lakes, Sat Tal Can Be Christened As One Of The Best Places To Enjoy Natural Beauty And Bird-watching In Uttarakhand. Sattal Is Applauded For Its Biodiversity And Is Famous For Being The Abode Of Approx.
Akin To Other Places In The Himalayan Region, Sattal Experiences Pleasant Climate Round The Year. The Summer Months Of April, May And June Also Observe Pleasant Climate, Making It An Ideal Getaway For The People From Plain Lands.
How To Reach Sattal By Air :-
The Nearest Airport At Pantnagar. The Closest International/National Airport Is New Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport - Palam Airport (320 Kms From Sattal)
How To Reach Sattal By Rail :-
Take Your Train From Old Delhi Railway Station Or From Nizamuddin. Nearest Railway Station Is At Kathgodam. Kathgodam Railway Station Is About 34 Km Away From Sattal. The Distance From The Railway Station To Sattal Can Be Covered In Nearly 1 Hour.
How To Reach Sattal By Bus :-
Sattal Is Well Connected By State Owned Bus Services. Bus Services Connect Kausani To Other Hill Stations Like Almora, Ranikhet, Nainital And Pithoragarh. Many Overnight Buses Owned By Private Companies Ply Between New Delhi And Kausani. Take The Correct Bus From I.S.B.T. It Is A 10 Hour Journey Which Connects The Route Including Other Hill Resorts-Ranikhet, Almora, Gwaldam, Pittoragarh And Nanital. Kindly Note : Private Bus Service Mostly Operate During The Season Period.
Distance of Sattal
Sattal Is About 23 Kms from Nainital, 320 Kms from Delhi And 13 Kms from Bhimtal.
You Can Visit Sattal By Taxi Or By Tours & Travel Packages.
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